Essay About Nepali Culture And Festival

Culture and Customs

The unique culture and tradition is the Nepals striking attraction. People living in Nepal has got their own culture and tradition and the culture of one ethnic group is completely different from another. Nepals culture is highly influenced by its religion, social values and tradition. People of Nepal have got their own way of living blended with the combination of social customs, traditional values and regulations. Nepal is a multi-cultural country and its unique culture is and tradition is highly preserved from the generations. Nepal has got the patriarchal society and men and women are not treated equal.? In many remote area men are considered to be bread earners while women engage themselves in household chore. Most of the people live in joint family sharing love and affection with each other.? Nepalese treat visitors in very special manner. Namaste is commonly used to greet people. People prefer to eat with their hand and spoons and forks are not very common. Making love and kissing in public is offensive in Nepal. Cow is regarded holy and are worshipped in special occasions. Clothing is determined by religion and traditional values. People living in the higher Himalayas follow their own culture and tradition. Every festivals celebrated in Nepal have their own value and significance. The Sherpa people living in the higher Himalayas are rather hospitable and friendly. Gurung, Lama, and Sherpa people mostly follow Buddhism as their main religion. Glimpse of western culture and tradition can be seen in major cities of Nepal like Kathmandu and Pokhara. Young generation in cities wear western cloths and live life that pretty much resembles western lifestyle.

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The culture of Nepal is rich and unique. The cultural heritage of Nepal has evolved over the centuries. This multi-dimensional heritage encompasses the diversities of Nepal's ethnic, tribal, and social groups, and it manifests in music and dance; art and craft; folklore and folktales; languages and literature; philosophy and religion; festivals and celebration; foods and drinks. Its culture is mostly influenced by Indian, Mongolian and Tibetan culture.

Dance and music[edit]

Legends state that dances in this country originated in the abode of Lord Shiva — the Himalayas, where he performed the tandava dance. This indicates that dance traditions of Nepal are very ancient and unique. With altitudes and ethnicity, the dances of Nepal slightly change in style as well as in the costumes. The Dishka, a dance performed at weddings, includes intricate footwork and arm movements. Accompanying music and musical instruments change in tune with the themes, which revolve around topics like harvesting of crops, marriage rites, war stories, a lonely girl’s yearning for her love, and several other themes and stories from everyday life in the villages. The famous Tharu stick dances, and the crazy peacock dance are two highlights, but there are plenty of other surprises. Expect to be invited to join in the dancing, as the evening reaches its climax.


As per the 2011 census, 123 languages are spoken in Nepal. Nepal's linguistic heritage has evolved from three major language groups: Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman, and indigenous. The major languages of Nepal (percent spoken as mother tongue) are Nepali (44.6%), Maithili (11.7%), Bhojpuri(6%), Tharu (5.8%), Tamang (5.1%), Nepal Bhasa (3.2%), Magar (3%) and Bajjika (3%) Kirat-Sunuwar, Limbu, Rai, Gurung, .[1]

Nepali, written in Devanagari script, is the official national language and serves as lingua franca among Nepalese ethno-linguistic groups. Extinct languages of Nepal include Kusunda, MaWalinga and Waling

Religions and philosophy of Nepal

The 2001 census identified 80.6% of the population being Hindu. Buddhism was practiced by about 11% of the population (although many people labelled Hindu or Buddhist often practice a syncretic blend of Hinduism, Buddhism, and/or animist traditions). About 3.2% practice Islam and 3.6% of the population follows the indigenous Kirant religion. Christianity is practiced officially by less than 0.5%.

Hindu and Buddhist traditions in Nepal go back more than two millennia. In Lumbini, Buddha was born, and Pashupatinath temple, Kathmandu, is an old and famous Shiva temple of Hindus. Nepal has several other temples and Buddhist monasteries, as well as places of worship of other religious groups. Traditionally, Nepalese philosophical thoughts are ingrained with the Hindu and Buddhist philosophical ethos and traditions, which include elements of Kashmir Shaivism, Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism, works of Karmacharyas of Bhaktapur, and tantric traditions. Tantric traditions are deep rooted in Nepal, including the practice of animal sacrifices. Five types of animals, always male, are considered acceptable for sacrifice: water buffalo, goats, sheep, chickens, and ducks. Cows are very sacred animals and are never considered acceptable for sacrifice.

Festivals and celebrations[edit]

Several of the festivals of Nepal last from one to several days. As a predominantly Hindu and Buddhist nation, most of the Nepalese festivals are religious ones. The festivals of Nepal have their roots in Hinduism as 82% of the population of the country is Hindu. Buddhism, the second-largest religion of the nation which accounts for 9% of the population, has influenced the cultural festivals of Nepal. Dashain or Dusshera is the longest and the most important festival of Nepal. Generally Dashain falls in late September to mid-October, right after the end of the monsoon season. It is "a day of Victory over Demons". The Newars celebrate the festival as Mohani. Tihar or Diwali, Holi, Saraswati Puja, Rakshabandhan, Bhai Dooj, Janmashtami, Kali Puja, Gai Jatra, Nag Panchami, Teej, Chhath, Kartik Poornima, Maghe Sankranti, Ganesh Chaturthi, Maha Shivratri and Chhechu are other widely celebrated important festivals of Nepal. New Year's Day of the lunar calendar Nepal Sambat occurs in November. Several Jatras took place throughout the year and public holidays are declared in some regions.

Other important festivals include Buddha Purnima (the celebration of the birth of Buddha)[2]Maha Shivaratri (a festival of Lord Shiva) and during Maha Shivaratri festivities, some people consume excessive drinks and smoke charas.[3]Sherpas, mostly located at higher altitudes and in the Mount Everest region, celebrate Mani Rimdu, for the good of the world.

Most festivals include dancing and music, and a variety of special foods are consumed during festivals and on special occasions.

The Sagan ceremony is the ritualized presentation of five food items (boiled egg, smoked fish, meat, lentil cake and rice wine) to a person which is done to bring good fortune as per Tantric tradition.

Architecture and archeology[edit]

Nepal Sampada Sangha (Nepal Heritage Society) has compiled an inventory of 1,262 significant architectural and archeological sites in Nepal outside Kathmandu Valley.[4]


Kabbadi and Dandi Biyo are national games of Nepal. But now people love cricket, basketball and football as well in Nepal.[5] For more information, read Sports in Nepal


Nepal has been a member of the International Federation of Basketball (FIBA) since 2000 and is FIBA Asia's youngest member. Yet, its national team has already established itself as a regional presence as it won two bronze medals at the SABA Championship.


  • Procession of Nepali Pahadi Hindu Wedding;

  • Procession of Nepali Hindu Wedding;

  • Nepali Pahadi Hindu marriage at Narayan gadh, Chitawan

marriage is very important part of the life. in nepal most of the youth or people doing arrange marriage because of its verity of culture and traditional. nepal is the most loveable country all over the world.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Senior offering Dashain Tika on great Nepali Hindu festival at a traditional home
Nepali traditional Pahadi dress used for dance
Procession of Nepali Hindu Wedding; Groom being carried by a bride brother or relatives
Senior offering Dashain Tika to junior
Costumed Hindu girls of Kathmandu during festival time in Nepal
A 1905 painting of Nepalese woman


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